论文各级标题的规范格式图片(论文各级标题的规范格式解释)

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写正文之前,学术君一直苦恼该如何给这篇文章起标题,既然内容是讨论标题,自己的标题总不能落了俗套,苦思一天后,终于躺平:呔,我又不是写论文标题,俗就俗吧。标题含主标题、副标题、分标题等形式,本文主要讨论主标题部分。内容按照“标题写作要求”+“中科院及国外Altmetric学者高分论文标题”排

写正文之前,学术君一直苦恼该如何给这篇文章起标题,既然内容是讨论标题,自己的标题总不能落了俗套,苦思一天后,终于躺平:呔,我又不是写论文标题,俗就俗吧。

标题含主标题、副标题、分标题等形式,本文主要讨论主标题部分。内容按照“标题写作要求”+“中科院及国外Altmetric学者高分论文标题”排布。

论文各级标题的规范格式图片(论文各级标题的规范格式解释)

一、标题写作要求

1)简洁易懂,尽量避免专业术语

Nature Communications(NC)主编Elisa De Ranieri博士认为“好标题应该简洁易懂,避免非必要专业术语,最好领域新兴研究院或者非业内人员也能够看懂“

应对技巧

该技巧也是由Elisa De Ranieri博士提出:可以先用一段话写出论文的主要结果,在保持原意的前提下进行精炼、缩减。如果字数仍然不够,可重复“精炼、缩减”的步骤直到标题达到要求。

2)利于被检索

类似搜索引擎,论文被收录后,‘标题’的检索权重往往高于‘结果’等其他部分。在无法知道标题时,关键词的作用不言而喻。

应对技巧:

与学术图书馆员交流,了解自己研究领域的关键词和搜索趋势,这对构思标题及论文的传播很有助力。

3)有数据支持

为了突出自己研究的重要性,我们可能会在标题中做适当的夸大,这样做会引起不必要的麻烦。

Nature Biotechnology的高级编辑irene.jarchum举过这样一个例子“例如,如果你的发现具有潜在治疗意义,标题应说明它是在动物还是多个/单个人类样本上测试或研究的。”

应对技巧:

如果担心论文会在科学界引起争议,请提前准备好充分的数据。

4)激发好奇心

标题党在各类新闻中屡见不鲜。但在以严谨著称的学术研究领域,适当通过标题来吸引和激发读者兴趣不是坏事。举个成功例子,“White and wonderful? Microplastics prevail in snow from the Alps to the Arctic”。

论文各级标题的规范格式图片(论文各级标题的规范格式解释)

应对技巧:

多留意自己感兴趣的论文题目都有哪些特点,加以记录分析,并应用到自己的论文标题。

* 该部分内容参考发表在Nature index的文章“How to write a good research paper title”,感兴趣的朋友可以自行搜索。

二、中科院及国外学者Altmetric高分论文标题

学术君想说的是Altmetric指数虽然受研究方向和话题性影响较大,但标题依旧对论文的引用和传播起到至关重要的作用,因此列举部分标题供大家参考。

中科院学者部分Altmetric高分论文标题(13例)

1、Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia

2、Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans

3、Copulation in antiarch placoderms and the origin of gnathostome internal fertilization

4、Cell differentiation and germ–soma separation in Ediacaran animal embryo-like fossils

5、Enabling the 'host jump': structural determinants of receptor-binding specificity in influenza A viruses

6、A basal ichthyosauriform with a short snout from the Lower Triassic of China

7、Structural insight into autoinhibition and histone H3-induced activation of DNMT3A

8、Overcoming the limitations of directed C-H functionalizations of heterocycles

9、Inefficient star formation in extremely metal poor galaxies

10、Piezoelectricity of single-atomic-layer MoS2 for energy conversion and piezotronics

11、Genomic analyses provide insights into the history of tomato breeding

12、Human preferences for sexually dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel

13、Genome sequence and genetic diversity of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio

国外学者Altmetric高分论文标题(37例)

1、Comparison of Hospital Mortality and Readmission Rates for MedicarePatients Treated by Male vs Female Physicians

2、Work organization and mental health problems in PhD students

3、Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovasculardisease and mortality in 18 countries from five continents (PURE): aprospective cohort study

4、Few-Shot Adversarial Learning of Realistic Neural Talking Head Models

5、Scientists rise up against statistical significance

6、Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccination and Autism

7、World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency

8、A Style-Based Generator Architecture for Generative Adversarial Networks

9、Large-scale GWAS reveals insights into the genetic architecture of same-sex sexual behavior

10、New elevation data triple estimates of global vulnerability to sea-level rise and coastal flooding

11、Parachute use to prevent death and major trauma when jumping from aircraft: randomized controlled trial

12、The global tree restoration potential

13、Civic honesty around the globe

14、Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: A review of its drivers

15、Committed emissions from existing energy infrastructure jeopardize 1.5 °C climate target

16、An intuitive 3D map of the Galactic warp’s precession traced by classical Cepheids

17、Biparental Inheritance of Mitochondrial DNA in Humans

18、Ecological memory modifies the cumulative impact of recurrent climate extremes

19、Restoration of brain circulation and cellular functions hours post-mortem

20、Global warming impairs stock_recruitment dynamics of corals

21、No evidence for globally coherent warm and cold periods over the preindustrial Common Era

22、Water vapour in the atmosphere of the habitable-zone eight-Earth-mass planet K2-18 b

23、Speech synthesis from neural decoding of spoken sentences

24、Spending at least 120 minutes a week in nature is associated with good health and wellbeing

25、A new species of Homo from the Late Pleistocene of the Philippines

26、“Death is certain, the time is not”: mortality and survival in Game of Thrones

27、Domestic cats (Felis catus) discriminate their names from other words

28、The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2

29、Effectiveness of Adding a Mask Recommendation to Other Public Health Measures to Prevent SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Danish Mask Wearers

30、Dying in a Leadership Vacuum

31、Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1

32、RETRACTED: Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis

33、Phosphine gas in the cloud decks of Venus

34、A mountable toilet system for personalized health monitoring via the analysis of excreta

35、It Is Time to Address Airborne Transmission of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

36、Molecular water detected on the sunlit Moon by SOFIA

37、Multiple subglacial water bodies below the south pole of Mars unveiled by new MARSIS data

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