how to deal with suhow to deal with sub-healthy-health翻译(how to deal with sub-healthy)

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Hello.你好。MynameisEmmaandintoday'svideoIamgoingtoteachyoumytopstudytips.我是艾玛,在今天的视频中,我将教给大家我的主要学习技巧。Soifyouarehavingatestcominguporanexam,thismi

Hello.

你好。

My name is Emma and in today's video I am going to teach you my top study tips.

我是艾玛,在今天的视频中,我将教给大家我的主要学习技巧。

So if you are having a test coming up or an exam, this might be a high school test or it might be the IELTS, the TOEFL, the CELPIP-there's so many different tests-maybe it's a university exam, whatever the case – if you have a test coming up, this video is for you.

因此,如果您即将参加考试,这可能是高中考试,也可能是雅思考试,托福考试,CELPIP-有这么多不同的考试-也许是大学考试,无论如何-如果您即将参加考试,这个视频都会适合您。

So I'm going to teach you a lot of well-researched tips that can really help you improve your marks and to feel more confident the day you're actually taking the test.

因此,我将教你很多经过充分研究的技巧,这些技巧可以真正帮助你提高成绩,并让你在实际参加考试的那一天感到更非常自信。

Okay, so let's get started at some study tips.

好吧,让我们从一些学习技巧开始。

My first question to you is I want you to think about it.

我问你的第一个问题是,我希望你考虑一下。

You have a test coming up, where do you study?

你有一个测试即将到来,你在哪里学习?

Some people study in their bed, some might study in the library, maybe a coffee shop, a classroom, or your home.

有些人在床上学习,有些人可能会在图书馆学习,也许是咖啡店,教室或你家。

In your opinion, what is the best way to study?

在您看来,最好的学习方式是什么?

Okay, well, if you said your bed, for most people this is a very bad idea.

好吧,好吧,如果你说你的床,对大多数人来说,这是一个非常糟糕的主意

The reason why is if you're studying in your bed with all your books and your notes, your brain, when you're in bed you start thinking about sleep.

原因是,如果你在床上学习,带着你所有的书,你的笔记,你的大脑,当你在床上时,你开始考虑睡觉。

So if you're studying in your bed, you might become very sleepy and it might be harder to study.

因此,如果你在床上学习,你可能会变得非常困倦,学习起来可能会更难。

So, in. . .

所以,在…

I would not recommend this.

我不会推荐这个。

I don't think the bed is a good place to study.

我不认为床是学习的好地方。

What about a library?

图书馆呢?

Some people like studying in libraries, and sometimes it's a good idea.

有些人喜欢在图书馆学习,有时这是一个好主意。

But if you're doing an English test, like where you have a speaking component, a library may or may not be a good place for you.

但是,如果你正在做英语测试,比如你有口语部分,图书馆可能是也可能不是一个好地方。

What you really want to do is think about: Where are you taking this test?

你真正想做的是想想:你在哪里参加这个测试?

If you're going to be in a room with many people who maybe are talking or are being loud, you want to study in a similar environment.

如果你要和很多人在一个房间里,他们可能正在说话或大声喧哗,你想在类似的环境中学习。

So, for some people the library, you know, might be a good place.

所以,对于某些人来说,图书馆,你知道,可能是一个好地方。

For other people, maybe the library is not the best place.

对于其他人来说,也许图书馆不是最好的地方。

My point is: You want to study in a place that is just like the environment you'll be taking the test in.

我的观点是:你想在一个和你将要参加考试的环境一样的地方学习。

So, this is a possibility.

所以,这是一种可能性。

Other people might study in coffee shops.

其他人可能会在咖啡店学习。

Now, if you're doing the IELTS or the TOEFL, this is not a bad idea because at least you're surrounded by people, you're surrounded by distractions, and on your test day you probably will have some sort of distractions around you, especially if people are doing speaking tests where they're talking and you can hear them.

现在,如果你正在考雅思或托福,这不是一个坏主意,因为至少你被人包围,你被分心所包围,在你的考试当天,你可能会有某种分心,特别是如果人们正在做口语测试,他们正在说话,你可以听到他们的声音。

So, being around people, if you're doing a test where people will be kind of loud and distracting, a coffee shop is a good idea.

所以,在人们身边,如果你正在做一个人们会大声喧哗和分散注意力的测试,那么咖啡店是一个好主意。

But if, you know, there's no speaking component to your test, maybe you're just writing an essay or something like that, then maybe a classroom might actually be a better place.

但是,如果,你知道,你的考试没有口语成分,也许你只是在写一篇文章或类似的东西,那么也许教室实际上可能是一个更好的地方。

If you're in school and you can go to a place that looks like where you're taking the test, this is the best thing you can do.

如果你在学校,你可以去一个看起来像你参加考试的地方,这是你能做的最好的事情。

For home, I personally don't think home is the greatest place to study and I'll tell you why.

对于家,我个人不认为家是最适合学习的地方,我会告诉你为什么。

At home you have your furniture, you have your bed, you have all these distractions around you, so it's easy to stop paying attention to what you're studying, and also your house is not like the environment you'll be taking the test in.

在家里,你有你的家具,你有你的床,你周围有所有这些干扰,所以你很容易停止关注你正在学习的东西,而且你的房子也不像你将要参加考试的环境。

You want an environment as similar as possible to where you're actually taking the test, so I would not recommend studying at home.

你想要一个尽可能类似于你实际参加考试的环境,所以我不建议在家学习。

One thing, though, is sometimes it's good to study in multiple locations because the more places you study, the more memories you'll actually have of what you're studying, you'll remember: " Okay, I remember studying this at this coffee shop. I remember studying this at this library, and this at this classroom." So that can actually help. . .

不过,有一件事是,有时在多个地方学习是件好事,因为你学习的地方越多,你对你正在学习的东西的记忆就越多,你会记得:"好吧,我记得在这家咖啡店里学习过这个。我记得在这个图书馆里,在这个教室里,我研究过这个。所以这实际上可以帮助…

You know, the more places you study, the more memories you will have.

你知道,你学习的地方越多,你拥有的记忆就越多。

Okay, another important thing to note is: Think about your personality.

好吧,另一件需要注意的重要事情是:想想你的个性。

Are you an introvert?

你是一个内向的人吗?

This means: Are you a quiet person who kind of prefers to be alone most of the time, where you don't really like big groups?

这意味着:你是一个安静的人,大部分时间都喜欢独处,你真的不喜欢大团体吗?

Or maybe you're an extrovert.

或者也许你是一个外向的人。

So this is where you love big groups, you're, you know, the life of the party, you like being around people.

所以这就是你喜欢大团体的地方,你知道,派对的生活,你喜欢和人在一起。

Do you like being alone or with people?

你喜欢独处还是和人在一起?

Because depending on your answer to that, it can really affect your studying.

因为根据你对这个问题的回答,它确实会影响你的学习。

If you like being around people, one of the bad choices maybe for studying is going somewhere alone and studying alone, especially maybe in a library.

如果你喜欢和人在一起,那么学习的一个糟糕的选择可能是独自去某个地方学习,尤其是在图书馆里。

Because if you like action and you like being around people, and then you have to study in a very quiet environment and you don't have your friends around or your classmates, that might be very boring for you and you might not pay attention, you might get distracted because you're so bored.

因为如果你喜欢行动,你喜欢和人在一起,然后你必须在一个非常安静的环境中学习,你没有你的朋友或你的同学在身边,这对你来说可能很无聊,你可能没有注意,你可能会分心,因为你太无聊了。

Whereas if you're an introvert, maybe you like quiet places, maybe a library is a good place to study for you.

然而,如果你是一个内向的人,也许你喜欢安静的地方,也许图书馆是你学习的好地方。

You know, maybe it's not good to study with other people.

你知道,也许和别人一起学习是不好的。

So know your personality.

所以要了解你的个性。

Instead of just doing. . .

而不仅仅是做…

You know, going to the library and studying, if you're an extrovert, this might be a bad idea.

你知道,去图书馆学习,如果你是一个外向的人,这可能是一个坏主意。

And it's the same with study groups.

研究小组也是如此。

If you like being with people, a study group is a great way in order to learn the information and to find out maybe things you don't know so well, because during a study group everybody's asking each other questions, so you start to think about things maybe you're unfamiliar with, you don't know as well as other people.

如果你喜欢和人在一起,学习小组是学习信息的好方法,找出你不太了解的事情,因为在学习小组中,每个人都在互相问问题,所以你开始思考一些你不熟悉的事情,你和其他人一样不知道。

So a study group is a very good idea, but be careful with who is in your study group.

因此,学习小组是一个非常好的主意,但要小心谁在你的学习小组中。

You don't want to study with people who are going to distract you by watching Facebook. . .

你不想和那些会通过观看Facebook来分散你注意力的人一起学习……

Or watching YouTube videos of puppies and cats.

或者观看小狗和猫的YouTube视频。

That will not help you with studying.

这对你的学习没有帮助。

You want to be with people who are focused and serious about studying.

你想和那些专注和认真学习的人在一起。

So be careful with who you study with.

所以要小心你和谁一起学习。

Okay, another key thing about studying is about being bored.

好吧,关于学习的另一个关键事情是关于无聊。

A lot of people, they don't want to study and they find it very boring, and so they go, they sit there, and they're so bored, and yet they just keep reading the material again, and again, and again.

很多人,他们不想学习,他们发现它非常无聊,所以他们去了,他们坐在那里,他们很无聊,但他们只是继续阅读材料,一次又一次,一次又一次。

Your brain hates being bored.

你的大脑讨厌无聊。

It's not good for your memory if while you're trying to learn you're very bored.

如果你试图学习时你很无聊,这对你的记忆力不好。

You are not going to learn that much.

你不会学到那么多。

You need to make the material interesting.

你需要让材料变得有趣。

Very important.

非常重要。

One way to do this is, you know, thinking about the material maybe in more fun ways.

一种方法是,你知道,也许以更有趣的方式思考材料。

Maybe the material will help you in your life later on or maybe. . .

也许这些材料会在你以后的生活中帮助你,或者也许……

Maybe being in a study group might be more fun for you.

也许在学习小组中对你来说可能更有趣。

So there's different ways to make what you're studying more interesting.

因此,有不同的方法可以使您正在学习的内容更有趣。

Very important you think about: How can I actually study in an interesting way instead of just, you know, readying the textbook, or reading, you know, the material again and again.

你想想非常重要的一点是:我怎样才能以一种有趣的方式学习,而不仅仅是,你知道,准备好教科书,或者一遍又一遍地阅读材料。

That's really boring.

这真的很无聊。

How can you make it more interesting?

如何让它更有趣?

All right, so now let's look at some more tips on how to study better.

好了,现在让我们来看看更多关于如何更好地学习的技巧。

Okay, so one very important thing to think about when you're studying is if you're studying in an active way or a Passive way.

好吧,所以当你学习时要考虑的一件非常重要的事情是,你是以积极的方式还是被动的方式学习。

So an active way is where you're actually doing something with what you're learning, you're taking it one step farther.

因此,一种积极的方式是,你实际上在用你正在学习的东西做一些事情,你正在走得更远。

So I'll give you some examples of active in a second.

因此,我将在一秒钟内为您提供一些活动示例。

First let's talk about passive.

首先,我们来谈谈被动。

Passive is where you just keep reading the material again and again and again.

被动是你一遍又一遍地继续阅读材料的地方。

You're not actually doing anything, you're not drawing any pictures, you're not imagining the material, you're just reading again and again, and this is very passive, which means that you're not really using your brain that much for this, and so you're not remembering the information that well.

你实际上没有做任何事情,你没有画任何图片,你没有想象材料,你只是一遍又一遍地阅读,这是非常被动的,这意味着你并没有真正使用你的大脑来做这件事,所以你没有很好地记住这些信息。

The better approach is to do things actively.

更好的方法是积极做事。

So, how can we remember. . .

那么,我们怎么能记住…

How can we do things more active when we're studying?

当我们学习时,我们如何才能更积极地做事?

Well, one active activity you can do to help you study is to teach somebody the information.

好吧,你可以做的一个积极的活动来帮助你学习,就是教别人信息。

So if you're learning about the present perfect, teach your friend: What is the present perfect?

所以,如果你正在学习现在的完美,教你的朋友:什么是现在的完美?

How do I use it?

如何使用它?

You can even make a small presentation about the material you're learning, because that way you're actually really thinking about it, and the person you're teaching might have questions for you and those questions might make you realize: " Oh, I don't actually know this about this subject. This is something I want to learn." Diagrams. A great thing to do.

你甚至可以对你正在学习的材料做一个小的介绍,因为这样你实际上是在认真思考它,而你正在教的人可能会问你一些问题,这些问题可能会让你意识到:"哦,我实际上并不了解这个主题。这是我想学习的东西。图。这是一件很棒的事情。

Draw different images.

绘制不同的图像。

So you can do flow charts, diagrams, putting the information. . .

所以你可以做流程图,图表,把信息…

Instead of just writing it, you know, sentence by sentence, using different types of visual aids can really help you in your studies.

你知道,不是一句一句地写出来,使用不同类型的视觉辅助工具可以真正帮助你学习。

Similarly with pictures, if you're learning new vocabulary, draw a picture of it.

与图片类似,如果你正在学习新的词汇,请画一幅画。

You know, this really helped me when I was learning French.

你知道,当我学习法语时,这真的帮助了我。

Every new word I would learn, I'd draw a funny picture with it, and those pictures really helped me remember the words.

我学到的每一个新单词,我都会用它画一幅有趣的图画,这些图画真的帮助我记住了这些字。

Doing past tests.

做过去的测试。

If you can get a copy of a previous test, that is, you know, one of the best things that you can do to prepare.

如果你能得到一份以前测试的副本,也就是说,你知道,这是你能做的最好的事情之一。

So if you're taking the IELTS, doing previous IELTS tests; if you're doing the TOEFL, past TOEFL tests; or if you're in a university course, doing a test from the years before can really, really help you in your studying.

所以如果你正在参加雅思考试,做以前的雅思考试;如果你正在做托福,过去的托福考试;或者,如果你在大学上课,做前几年的测试可以真正帮助你学习。

Creating your own test.

创建您自己的测试。

This is a great idea because you really start to think about: What information is important?

这是一个好主意,因为你真的开始思考:什么信息是重要的?

And creating your own test will really help you remember the answers.

创建自己的测试将真正帮助您记住答案。

So it's an active way to study.

所以这是一种积极的学习方式。

And this is also a little bit more interesting than just reading, you know, the same thing again and again.

这也比一遍又一遍地阅读同样的事情更有趣。

Memory tricks.

记忆技巧。

There are a lot of different memory tricks you can use to remember information.

您可以使用许多不同的记忆技巧来记住信息。

I'm going to give you an example of one for math.

我给你们举一个数学的例子。

When I had to learn math, I had to learn about how to solve an equation, and so they taught us this, BEDMAS. B stands for brackets, equation, division, multiplication, addition, subtraction.

当我必须学习数学时,我必须学习如何求解方程,所以他们教我们这个,BEDMAS。B代表括号,等式,除法,乘法,加法,减法。

So, each of these letters stands for something and it's a lot more difficult to remember that when you're just thinking about all those words on their own.

所以,这些字母中的每一个都代表着一些东西,当你只是自己思考所有这些单词时,要记住这一点要困难得多。

But if you use something where you take the first letter of different words, it can really help you.

但是,如果你使用一些不同单词的第一个字母的东西,它真的可以帮助你。

Same with if you think about music.

如果你考虑音乐,也一样。

If you've ever learned to play an instrument, you might learn the different notes.

如果你曾经学过演奏乐器,你可能会学到不同的音符。

In English what we say is " Every Boy Deserves Fudge" , I think that's what it was.

在英语中,我们说的是"每个男孩都值得软糖",我认为就是这样。

Something similar to that.

类似的东西。

But using these types of mental tricks can really help you in your studying.

但是使用这些类型的心理技巧可以真正帮助你学习。

Visualizations.

可视 化。

You know, the more you can imagine what you're studying the better it's going to be for you.

你知道,你越能想象你正在学习的东西,它对你来说就越好。

And especially if you're learning new vocabulary, trying to come up with, you know, different images of that vocabulary can help you.

特别是如果你正在学习新的词汇,试图想出,你知道,这些词汇的不同图像可以帮助你。

There's the rule of ridiculousness where if you're trying to remember something, the crazier a mental picture is or the crazier a visualization is, the easier it is for you to remember.

有一个荒谬的规则,如果你试图记住某件事,心理画面越疯狂,可视化越疯狂,你就越容易记住。

So I do this all the time.

所以我一直这样做。

Even, you know, if I need to remember my groceries, what I need to buy from the supermarket, I don't even have to write down a list because I can imagine the different food I need to pick up in funny, crazy ways, and then I really remember what I need.

甚至,你知道,如果我需要记住我的杂货,我需要从超市买什么,我甚至不必写下清单,因为我可以想象我需要以有趣,疯狂的方式挑选的不同食物,然后我真的记得我需要什么。

So the rule of ridiculousness is the crazier, the stranger something is, the more you're going to remember it.

因此,荒谬的规则是越疯狂,越陌生,你就越会记住它。

It's the same with emotions.

情绪也是如此。

If you can. . .

如果可以的话…

You know, you remember things that are very emotional.

你知道,你记得那些非常情绪化的事情。

So if you're angry, if you're sad, if you're happy, you tend to remember things a lot easier than things that are boring.

因此,如果你生气,如果你悲伤,如果你快乐,你往往会比无聊的事情更容易记住事情。

So think about: How can you add emotion to what you're studying?

所以想想:你如何在你正在学习的东西中加入情感?

Maybe something you're studying makes you very happy, or maybe, you know, something. . .

也许你正在学习的东西让你非常高兴,或者也许,你知道,一些东西……

You know, makes you scared or whatever emotion, if you can harness your emotions they can really help you remember better.

你知道,让你害怕或任何情绪,如果你能利用你的情绪,它们可以真正帮助你更好地记住。

Time lines, if you're learning different tenses in English-present perfect, past simple, you know, present continuous-these are really confusing for students.

时间线,如果你正在学习英语中的不同时态 – 现在完美,过去简单,你知道,现在连续 – 这些对学生来说真的很混乱。

Drawing a time line can really help you get your head around this while you're studying.

画一条时间线可以真正帮助你在学习时解决这个问题。

So if you're learning the present perfect or the past simple, you know, here is now, here is in the past, you know, making different images like this can really help you.

所以,如果你正在学习现在的完美或过去的简单,你知道,这是现在,这是过去,你知道,制作像这样的不同图像真的可以帮助你。

Mind maps.

思维导图。

We have, you know, a lot of resources on mind maps.

你知道,我们在思维导图上有很多资源。

Pretty much you have a word or an idea in the centre, and around you write connected ideas.

几乎你在中心有一个词或一个想法,在你周围写下相互联系的想法。

These are great ways to visualize information.

这些是可视化信息的好方法。

Even if you're writing an essay, doing something like a mind map can help you get out your ideas on what you want to write and organize what you want to write, so they're a great tool.

即使你正在写一篇文章,做一些像思维导图这样的东西可以帮助你得到你想要写的东西的想法,并组织你想写的东西,所以它们是一个很好的工具。

If you're interested in using mind maps, if you look in the description of our video, you can actually find a link which gives a lesson on how to do a really good mind map, so I highly recommend that.

如果你对使用思维导图感兴趣,如果你看看我们视频的描述,你实际上可以找到一个链接,它提供了一个关于如何做一个非常好的思维导图的课程,所以我强烈推荐它。

All right, so now let's look at some more tips on how to study better.

好了,现在让我们来看看更多关于如何更好地学习的技巧。

Okay, so my next tip is really important.

好的,所以我的下一个提示非常重要。

You need to try to find out as much about the test as possible.

您需要尝试尽可能多地了解测试。

You need to know: Is it multiple choice?

你需要知道:这是多项选择吗?

Is it short answers?

是简短的答案吗?

How long is the test?

测试需要多长时间?

If you're doing the TOEFL or the IELTS, you might want to know, you know: When does the listening section happen?

如果你正在做托福或雅思考试,你可能想知道,你知道:听力部分什么时候发生?

When is the reading section?

阅读部分何时开始?

When is the speaking section?

演讲部分什么时候开始?

So, you know, what kind of instructions am I going to see?

所以,你知道,我要看到什么样的指令?

You really do need to know what to expect on. . .

你真的需要知道会发生什么…

On the test and on test day because this is going to help you with your anxiety.

在考试和考试当天,因为这将帮助您缓解焦虑。

The more you know about the test, the less nervous you will actually be on the day of your test, so very important to find out as much information as possible.

您对测试的了解越多,您在测试当天的实际紧张程度就越低,因此找到尽可能多的信息非常重要。

And this is why doing practice tests and past tests is a very good idea.

这就是为什么做练习测试和过去的测试是一个非常好的主意。

Okay, this is something I found really interesting that I just learned maybe two years ago about the importance of your body and your physical state on the day of the exam.

好吧,这是我发现非常有趣的事情,大概两年前我刚刚了解到你的身体和你的身体状态的重要性,在考试当天。

When you study, what you do in terms of what you're drinking, what you're eating, you know, what time you're doing it, you really want to try to match it to the day of the exam.

当你学习的时候,你做了什么,你喝了什么,你吃了什么,你知道,你什么时候做,你真的想尝试把它与考试当天相匹配。

So, what do I mean by this?

那么,我这么说是什么意思呢?

Well, for example, if you drink coffee while you're studying, it's good if on the day of the test you drink coffee before your test.

好吧,例如,如果你在学习时喝咖啡,如果在考试当天你在考试前喝咖啡是件好事。

If you are drunk when you're studying, something I don't recommend, but this is actually strange but true, if you study drunk-and again, it's better not to, but if you do-you'd actually probably do better on the test drunk than sober.

如果你在学习时喝醉了,我不建议这样做,但这实际上很奇怪,但这是真的,如果你喝醉了,再一次,最好不要,但如果你这样做,你实际上可能会在考试中醉酒比清醒做得更好。

And this is why what I'm saying about what your body is doing is very important.

這就是為什麼我說的關於你的身體正在做的事情是非常重要的。

If you drink tea while you study, drink tea the day of the exam.

如果您在学习时喝茶,请在考试当天喝茶。

Try to match what you're doing while you're studying with what is going to happen on the day of the exam.

尝试将你在学习时所做的事情与考试当天将要发生的事情相匹配。

You will actually notice quite a difference.

您实际上会注意到很大的差异。

Same with when you study.

学习时也是如此。

If your exam is in the morning at 8am and every night you study at 9pm, there's a bit of a mismatch because your body is going to be different on the day of the exam.

如果你的考试是在早上8点,而你每天晚上9点学习,那就有点不匹配了,因为你的身体在考试当天会有所不同。

So I would recommend: Study around the time your actual exam is.

所以我建议:在你实际考试的时候学习。

That will actually have a difference in terms of, you know. . .

这实际上会在以下方面有所不同,你知道…

It will really help you on test day.

它将在考试当天真正帮助您。

So if you study at 8pm and the test is at 8pm, that's great.

所以如果你在晚上8点学习,考试在晚上8点,那就太好了。

Also, you know, it's a good thing to time yourself.

另外,你知道,给自己计时是一件好事。

If on the day of the test you only have 40 minutes to do the test, practice the test with timing.

如果在考试当天,您只有40分钟的时间来进行测试,请按时练习考试。

So, do the test in a 40-minute span.

因此,请在 40 分钟内进行测试。

If you have four hours, try the test at least one time the full length of the test.

如果您有四个小时的时间,请至少尝试一次测试,以测试的整个长度。

That's definitely a good way to prepare.

这绝对是一个很好的准备方式。

Okay, this is the most important thing I am going to say in this video, more important than any of the other tips: You need to sleep before the test.

好吧,这是我要在这个视频中说的最重要的事情,比任何其他提示都更重要:你需要在测试前睡觉。

Many students try to study all night, and then they do the test.

许多学生试图通宵学习,然后他们做测试。

This is the worst thing you can do.

这是你能做的最糟糕的事情。

Your brain, in order to remember. . .

你的大脑,为了记住…

In order to remember things, you really, really need sleep.

为了记住事情,你真的,真的需要睡觉。

Your memory and sleep are so closely tied together that if you don't sleep, you don't remember.

你的记忆和睡眠是如此紧密地联系在一起,如果你不睡觉,你就不会记得。

So this is why it's very good to actually plan when you're going to study in advance.

这就是为什么提前计划好什么时候学习是非常好的。

Make a study plan, so you have many nights to study, which means you have many day. . .

制定学习计划,这样你就有很多个晚上要学习,这意味着你有很多天……

Or many nights of sleep.

或者睡个好觉。

Because each day you study you really want to sleep well so you will remember the information.

因为每天你学习,你真的想睡个好觉,这样你就会记住这些信息。

Very important.

非常重要。

If you ignore everything else, number one thing is: Sleep well before your test.

如果你忽略了其他一切,第一件事就是:在测试前好好睡觉。

And when you're studying, sleep well.

当你在学习时,睡个好觉。

Okay, and this is number eight which I sort of already touched upon.

好吧,这是我已经提到的第八点。

You need to review multiple days.

您需要多日审核。

For those people who think: " Oh, you know, two days is enough. I'm just going to study for two days and, you know, do my test" , it's a terrible idea because maybe if you're lucky, maybe you'll do okay on your test, but you're just going to forget all that information later on, and so it's kind of a waste of an opportunity.

对于那些认为:"哦,你知道,两天就足够了。我只是要学习两天,你知道,做我的测试",这是一个可怕的想法,因为也许如果你幸运的话,也许你会在你的测试中做得很好,但你以后会忘记所有这些信息,所以这有点浪费机会。

If you study a little bit every day, you know, for a couple of weeks before your test, you actually remember the material a lot more and you're going to remember it for a lot longer.

如果你每天学习一点点,你知道,在你考试前的几个星期里,你实际上会记住更多的材料,你会记住它更长的时间。

So you might as well study a little bit every day and have, you know, two or three weeks before the test do this, instead of just doing everything the night before.

所以你不妨每天学习一点点,在考试前两三周这样做,而不是在前一天晚上做所有事情。

Okay, my next trick is called the KWL method.

好的,我的下一个技巧称为KWL方法。

This is a great way, you know, especially when you're starting to study.

你知道,这是一个很好的方法,特别是当你开始学习的时候。

K stands for know, W stands for want to know, and L stands for learn.

K代表知道,W代表想知道,L代表学习。

So, what you can do when you're, you know, studying is you can. . .

所以,当你在学习的时候,你能做的就是……

Before you start studying, you can write about what you already know about the subject.

在你开始学习之前,你可以写下你对这个主题已经知道的东西。

So imagine I want to study about the present perfect.

所以想象一下,我想研究现在的完美。

I'll write down everything I already know about the present perfect, and so, you know, I can do it like a column and write down everything I know here.

我会写下我已经知道的关于现在完美的一切,所以,你知道,我可以像专栏一样做,并写下我所知道的一切。

For W it stands for want to know, so I can think about any questions I have about the subject.

对于W,它代表想知道,所以我可以考虑我对这个主题的任何问题。

You know, maybe I want to know: When do we use the present perfect?

你知道,也许我想知道:我们什么时候使用现在完美?

Or: Why do we use the present perfect?

或者:我们为什么要使用现在的完美?

Is this an example of the present perfect?

这是现在完美的一个例子吗?

And it can be for anything.

它可以用于任何事情。

Even if you're studying biology, you know, you're studying the human body, you can use this also.

即使你在研究生物学,你知道,你正在研究人体,你也可以使用这个。

It's good for any material you're studying.

它适用于您正在学习的任何材料。

So you write down questions on what you want to know here.

所以你在这里写下你想知道的问题。

And then after you study, think about: What did you actually learn?

然后,在你学习之后,想想:你到底学到了什么?

There's always something you're going to learn, maybe some interesting fact, maybe you learned the material.

总有一些东西你会学到,也许是一些有趣的事实,也许你学到了材料。

You can write down under L everything you learned.

你可以在L下写下你学到的东西。

This way, you're actually thinking about everything you know about a subject, which helps you to kind of put together the pieces and to see what you already know, what you need to know, and what you learned at the end.

通过这种方式,你实际上是在思考你所知道的关于一个主题的一切,这有助于你把这些片段放在一起,看看你已经知道了什么,你需要知道什么,以及你最后学到了什么。

So this is a great method for learning.

所以这是一个很好的学习方法。

Okay, so now let's look at a couple more tips on how to improve our studying.

好了,现在让我们再来看看一些关于如何改善学习的技巧。

Okay, so my next tip is about thinking about your body's health, which is very important when you study.

好吧,我的下一个提示是关于考虑你的身体健康,这在你学习时非常重要。

My first tip is actually, you know, be aware of what you're eating.

我的第一个建议是,你知道,要注意你在吃什么。

If you eat, like, you know, healthy, it will actually help you with studying.

如果你吃东西,比如,你知道,健康,它实际上会帮助你学习。

So keep eating and keep hydrated.

所以继续吃,保持水分。

Drink a lot of water, that's very important, too.

多喝水,这也非常重要。

Breathe.

呼吸。

A lot of students get very stressed with exams and tests.

很多学生在考试和测试中压力很大。

If you're writing the IELTS and TOEFL, maybe. . .

如果你正在写雅思和托福,也许…

Or a university exam, just those words actually cause your body to, you know, get really nervous.

或者大学考试,只是这些话实际上会让你的身体变得非常紧张。

So one way to deal with this is just deep breathing.

因此,处理这个问题的一种方法就是深呼吸。

So when you think about something that makes you really nervous or maybe you're looking at something while you're studying and you have no idea what it means, and you start to panic, take a deep breath because that will help.

因此,当你想到一些让你非常紧张的事情,或者你在学习时正在看一些东西,你不知道它意味着什么,你开始恐慌,深吸一口气,因为这会有所帮助。

It tells your body. . .

它告诉你的身体…

You know, it sends a message to your body and it will help you to calm down.

你知道,它向你的身体发出一个信息,它会帮助你冷静下来。

You know, this is similar also with stress management.

你知道,这与压力管理类似。

A lot of things people don't think about when they're studying is: How do they deal with the stress?

人们在学习时不会想到的很多事情是:他们如何应对压力?

When you're very stressed, you don't actually learn as much, and this is actually really a problem on a lot of tests.

当你压力很大时,你实际上并没有学到那么多,这实际上在很多测试中都是一个问题。

You know, especially if you're doing a language test, the speaking part, because when you're stressed out your language actually declines, you're not doing as good a job.

你知道,特别是如果你在做语言测试,口语部分,因为当你感到压力时,你的语言实际上会下降,你没有做得那么好。

So it's important to learn stress management techniques in order to deal with the stress so you can remember more and be more successful at your exam.

因此,重要的是要学习压力管理技巧,以应对压力,这样你就可以记住更多,在考试中取得更大的成功。

So breathing is one good management tip, you know, listening to calming music can help.

所以呼吸是一个很好的管理技巧,你知道,听平静的音乐可以提供帮助。

There's different things you can do in order to help you with stress.

你可以做不同的事情来帮助你应对压力。

Exercise is another good thing to do when you're studying.

锻炼是你在学习时要做的另一件好事。

You want to get blood up to your brain, so walking is excellent.

你想让血液进入你的大脑,所以走路是极好的。

You know?

你知道的?

Make sure you take breaks while you study and do some sort of movement.

确保你在学习时休息一下,做一些运动。

It will really help you with remembering the material and, you know, not overwhelming your brain.

它真的会帮助你记住这些材料,而且,你知道,不会让你的大脑不堪重负。

So exercise, especially walking is a really good idea.

所以锻炼,尤其是散步是一个非常好的主意。

Okay, so now we've done a lot of study tips.

好了,现在我们做了很多学习技巧。

What about on the day of the test itself?

测试当天呢?

So it's important to have a plan on the actual day of the test.

因此,在测试的实际当天制定计划非常重要。

My one very important thing is arrive early.

我的一件非常重要的事情是提前到达。

A lot of students come late, and then they're just so much more stressed because, you know, now they're looking for their pencil, they're looking for their pen, they're panicked.

很多学生迟到了,然后他们压力更大,因为,你知道,现在他们正在寻找他们的铅笔,他们正在寻找他们的笔,他们感到恐慌。

No.

不。

Arrive early, it's very important.

早点到达,这非常重要。

Like I said before, sleep well before the test, also very important.

就像我之前说的,在测试前好好睡觉,也很重要。

And be prepared.

并做好准备。

Have your bag ready the night before, have your pens, pencils, know what you're going to wear the day of the test.

在前一天晚上准备好你的包,准备好你的钢笔,铅笔,知道你在考试当天要穿什么。

Have everything prepared so you don't have to think about it, because you're going to be thinking about other things and you might forget something, you might forget your ID or what you need, so have it all prepared the night before.

准备好一切,这样你就不必考虑它,因为你将考虑其他事情,你可能会忘记一些事情,你可能会忘记你的身份证或你需要的东西,所以在前一天晚上准备好一切。

I already mentioned walking is very good.

我已经提到走路非常好。

On the day of the test itself while you're waiting, you know, instead of just sitting there, you can walk around.

在考试当天,当你在等待的时候,你知道,你可以四处走走,而不仅仅是坐在那里。

That will help get blood up to your brain and that will help you, you know, prepare yourself for the test.

这将有助于让血液进入你的大脑,这将有助于你,你知道,为测试做好准备。

And also, it will help you with stress.

而且,它将帮助您减轻压力。

Power poses.

力量姿势。

So, I've done a video on power poses before, which you can check out.

所以,我之前做过一个关于力量姿势的视频,你可以看看。

But pretty much know what your body is doing while you're taking the test and before.

但是几乎知道你的身体在你参加考试时和之前在做什么。

If you're like, you know, closed up like this, that actually makes you more nervous, versus if you're, you know, bigger and more comfortable, you'll feel more confident.

如果你像这样,你知道,像这样封闭,这实际上会让你更紧张,而如果你,你知道,更大,更舒适,你会感到更自信。

So even while you're writing the test, you know, be aware of what your body's doing because that can actually impact how you feel and that can impact how you do.

因此,即使在你写测试的时候,你知道,要意识到你的身体在做什么,因为这实际上会影响你的感受,也会影响你的表现。

If you're doing an English proficiency test, speak English during the test.

如果您正在进行英语水平测试,请在测试期间说英语。

Well, not during the test while you're writing, but I mean during breaks.

好吧,不是在你写作时的测试期间,我的意思是在休息期间。

You know, for example, sometimes you have a listening part and then you have a 15-minute break, and then you have a reading part.

例如,你知道,有时你有一个听力部分,然后你有一个15分钟的休息时间,然后你有一个阅读部分。

During the break time it's a good idea to keep English flowing into your mind.

在休息时间,让英语流进你的脑海是个好主意。

So if you want to call, you know, your parents who speak a different language, that's not a good idea.

所以,如果你想打电话给,你知道,你的父母说不同的语言,这不是一个好主意。

It's better to keep. . .

最好保留…

You know, keep the material in mind.

你知道,记住材料。

So, you know, even talking to somebody in English can really help during break time.

所以,你知道,即使在休息时间用英语与某人交谈也可以真正提供帮助。

So think about: How do. . .

所以想想:如何…

How can you use your breaks in the most effective way possible?

您如何以最有效的方式利用休息时间?

All right, so we have just a couple more tips.

好了,我们还有几个提示。

I know we have a lot, but just a couple more tips to go.

我知道我们有很多,但只是还有一些提示。

Okay, so we've talked about, you know, some really important tips already.

好了,我们已经讨论了,你知道,已经有一些非常重要的技巧了。

The next one is actually really important also, and that's: Read the instructions.

下一个实际上也非常重要,那就是:阅读说明。

So whenever you have a test or exam, be very careful and make sure you actually read everything.

因此,每当您进行测试或考试时,请非常小心,并确保您实际阅读了所有内容。

A lot of students, they're very nervous and they're anxious, and so they rush and they don't read everything, and as a result sometimes they put the wrong answer just because they didn't read the question correctly.

很多学生,他们非常紧张,他们很焦虑,所以他们匆匆忙忙,他们没有阅读所有内容,结果有时他们只是因为没有正确阅读问题而给出错误的答案。

So I'm going to give you an example of that.

我给你们举个例子。

A lot of the times on tests you'll have a question, for example: " Which is/are not an example of. . . ? " You know, and it might be something like the present perfect or the brain.

很多时候在测试中,你会有一个问题,例如:"哪个是/不是一个例子……"你知道,它可能是像现在的完美或大脑。

So it can be anything here, but what a lot of students don't notice is this part.

所以它可以是这里的任何东西,但很多学生没有注意到的是这部分。

First they miss the " not" , so this means that you're actually, you know. . .

首先,他们错过了"不",所以这意味着你实际上是,你知道的……

If this is a multiple choice question and it says: " Which is not an example of. . . ? " students who don't read the question might actually put what is an example of something.

如果这是一个多项选择题,它说:"这不是一个例子……"不读这个问题的学生实际上可能会放一些什么例子。

So be very careful of the word " not" .

所以要非常小心"不"这个词。

Another thing to be very careful of when you read questions: " is" and " are" .

当您阅读问题时要非常小心的另一件事:"是"和"是"。

Sometimes you'll just have the word " is" , and that just means you just need to find one thing.

有时你只需要"是"这个词,这只是意味着你只需要找到一件事。

Sometimes you'll have the word " are" , and that means that you have to find multiple things.

有时你会有"是"这个词,这意味着你必须找到很多东西。

So if you're doing multiple choice and you have: " Which are" , there might be two correct answers.

因此,如果你正在做多项选择,并且你有:"哪个是",可能有两个正确的答案。

I know for the IELTS a lot of students make mistakes because they don't read the instructions, and they're actually supposed to put down, you know, multiple things, but they just put down one.

我知道对于雅思考试来说,很多学生都会犯错误,因为他们没有阅读说明,他们实际上应该放下,你知道,很多东西,但他们只是放下了一个。

So be very careful and read all instructions, especially when it has to do with, like, how many answers to put down or how many, like. . .

因此,请非常小心并阅读所有说明,特别是当它与要放下多少答案或多少答案有关时,例如……

If you have letters A, B, C, D, E: How many of those can you put down?

如果你有字母A,B,C,D,E:你能放下多少个?

How many choices can you put?

你可以放多少个选择?

Okay, very important.

好的,非常重要。

Another thing, I always do this whenever I'm doing an exam or a test is I underline key words.

另一件事,每当我做考试或测试时,我总是这样做,我都会在关键词上加下划线。

So, for example, that means underline.

因此,例如,这意味着下划线。

So, every question I look at I actually will look for the main idea and underline it.

所以,我看到的每一个问题我实际上都会寻找主要思想并强调它。

This can also really help because sometimes you'll see where it's like always or never, even in the answers.

这也可以真正有所帮助,因为有时你会看到它在哪里总是或从来没有,即使在答案中也是如此。

There are certain words that might trick you, and so it's a good idea to actually underline key words because you'll pay more attention then and maybe be more careful with these tricks.

有些词可能会欺骗你,所以最好给关键词加下划线,因为你会更加注意,也许会更小心地使用这些技巧。

Okay, number 14: Star-and this is a star-what you don't know.

好吧,数字14:星星 – 这是一颗星星 – 你不知道的。

So many students waste time because they don't know the answer to something, and they just look at it, and they keep thinking and thinking and thinking, and it takes them forever.

所以很多学生浪费时间,因为他们不知道某件事的答案,他们只是看着它,他们不断思考,思考和思考,这需要他们永远。

And then, you know, maybe they do get the answer, but then the test is over and they haven't finished.

然后,你知道,也许他们确实得到了答案,但后来测试结束了,他们还没有完成。

So a good idea is actually to put a star beside what you don't know. . .

所以一个好主意实际上是在你不知道的东西旁边放一颗星星……

So, for example. . .

因此,例如…

And this means you'll come back to it later.

这意味着您稍后会回到它。

Do what you know first.

先做你所知道的。

Sometimes it's even good to do the easiest questions first, because then you feel more confident and you feel better.

有时候,先做最简单的问题甚至很好,因为这样你就会感觉更自信,感觉更好。

You don't panic if you do what you know first, and you don't run out of time.

如果你先做你所知道的事情,你不会惊慌失措,而且你没有耗尽时间。

So do what you know first.

所以先做你所知道的。

Anything you don't know just put a star beside it, and come back at the end.

任何你不知道的东西,只要在它旁边放一颗星星,最后再回来。

Oftentimes, too, this is good because sometimes other questions will actually have clues or will help you with that question you're having trouble or difficulty with.

通常,这也是很好的,因为有时其他问题实际上会有线索,或者会帮助你解决你遇到麻烦或困难的问题。

Okay, my final tip, when you're doing multiple choice. . .

好吧,我的最后一个提示,当你在做多项选择时…

So, multiple choice is when you have A, B, C, D, E, and you have to pick which one is the correct answer.

所以,多项选择是当你有A,B,C,D,E,你必须选择哪一个是正确的答案。

There's a lot of different tips for multiple choice specifically.

对于多项选择,有很多不同的技巧。

I'm going to tell you two things you can do if you have multiple choice on your test now.

我将告诉你两件事,如果你现在在测试中有多个选择,你可以做两件事。

My first tip is think about each answer, and why it is true or why it's not true.

我的第一个建议是思考每个答案,以及为什么它是真的,为什么它不是真的。

Too many students, they look at what A is, B is, or they don't even look.

太多的学生,他们看A是什么,B是什么,或者他们甚至不看。

They see A, they think: " Oh, I think A is correct" , and they just circle it.

他们看到A,他们想:"哦,我认为A是正确的",然后他们只是绕着它转圈。

No.

不。

You need to read every single one.

你需要阅读每一个。

You need to read A, B, C, D, and E, and really think about it.

你需要阅读A,B,C,D和E,并真正思考它。

" Okay, I know it's not B. Why? I know it's not C. Why? " So definitely the key question here is: Why is it this and why is it not that?

"好吧,我知道这不是B,为什么?我知道这不是C.为什么?"所以这里的关键问题是:为什么是这个,为什么不是那个?

So always during multiple choice ask yourself: Why?

所以在选择题中总是问自己:为什么?

Another tip for multiple choice, which I always do on my exams and I find it really helps me, is when I go through them I will put an X on the ones I know are not correct.

另一个多项选择的技巧,我总是在我的考试中这样做,我发现它真的对我有帮助,当我通过它们时,我会在我知道不正确的考试上放一个X。

So, for example, if this is A and I know it's wrong, I'll just cross it off.

所以,例如,如果这是A,我知道它是错的,我会把它划掉。

As soon as I ask myself: " Why? Okay, it's wrong" , I put an X on it, and then I go to B. Is B right or is it wrong?

只要我问自己:"为什么?好吧,这是错误的",我在上面放了一个X,然后我去了B。B是对的还是错的?

I think about it.

我想了想。

If I know it's wrong, I put an X on it.

如果我知道这是错的,我会在上面放一个X。

So as soon as I'm sure the answer is wrong, I cross it out and then I leave what, you know. . .

因此,一旦我确定答案是错误的,我就会将其划掉,然后我留下什么,你知道的……

Maybe I don't know if it's C or D, so then I'll take some time to think about those.

也许我不知道它是C还是D,所以我会花一些时间来思考这些。

But I always cross off which answers I know are incorrect.

但我总是划掉我知道是错误的答案。

I find that really helps.

我发现这真的很有帮助。

Okay, so we've covered a lot which is really good.

好吧,我们已经涵盖了很多,这真的很好。

There's a lot of tips on how to study.

有很多关于如何学习的提示。

And again, I'm just going to say this one more time because out of everything, most important thing: Sleep before your exam.

再说一遍,我只想再说一遍,因为在所有事情中,最重要的是:考试前睡觉。

So, I hope you've enjoyed this video and I want to invite you to come visit our website at www. engvid. com. There, you can actually do a quiz in order to practice some of these tips.

所以,我希望你喜欢这个视频,我想邀请你来访问我们的网站 www.engvid.com。在那里,您实际上可以做一个测验,以便练习其中一些技巧。

And like I said before, doing a quiz is actually a great way to remember things because it's active.

就像我之前说的,做一个测验实际上是记住事物的好方法,因为它是活跃的。

Okay?

好?

You're doing something.

你正在做某事。

You're not just sitting and listening, you're actually doing so you'll actually remember the tips a lot better that way.

你不只是坐着听,你实际上是在这样做,这样你实际上会更好地记住这些提示。

I also want to invite you to subscribe to my channel.

我还想邀请您订阅我的频道。

We have a lot of cool things there on all sorts of different topics, from how to write an essay, to pronunciation, to speaking.

我们在各种不同的主题上有很多很酷的东西,从如何写一篇文章,到发音,再到口语。So, very good resources there.

所以,那里有非常好的资源。

And also at our website, www. engvid. com, we have a lot of great videos on other things, so I highly recommend you check it out.

同样在我们的网站,www.engvid.com,我们有很多关于其他事情的精彩视频,所以我强烈建议你看看。

Until next time, thank you and take care.

下次再见,谢谢你,保重。

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